Among Professor Ollier's interesting comments:
- CO2 is critically needed by coral, shellfish, and marine plants.
- A volcanic vent bubbling huge amounts of CO2 to the surface is a favorite of divers because of the thriving life there, including corals. The water there is fully saturated with CO2.
- Ocean pH varies by 0.3 by region and seasonally by 0.3 in a given area.
- The day to night variation in a coral pool was found to be 9.4 to 7.5, making claimed variations due to atmospheric CO2 look very inconsequential.
- Marine life evolved at much higher atmospheric concentrations of CO2 than we have now or would have if CO2 atmospheric concentrations doubled. As is the case with land plants, it appears that marine life is better served by higher CO2 concentrations.
- Under good conditions, a coral reef can grow by 2 cm a year and added CO2 helps. [From 1870 to 200, the average rate of sea level rise is claimed to be 1.5 mm a year. Faster rates of as high as 3.3 mm a year have been claimed for 1993 to 2009, but coral reef islands can keep up. Indeed, they have to have had this capability to deal with past climate changes over the last few hundred million years.] Most atoll islands are doing well in keeping up.
- Human additions of CO2 to the atmosphere compared to what some plants and animals have removed in making limestone are trivial. There is far more CO2 in limestone than there is in the oceans and the atmosphere combined. Because the oceans remain alkaline, this stored CO2 in the form of limestone is not released and the result is a CO2 deprived planet.